Cyril Connolly (1903–1974)
English critic and editor, he was born on the 10th of September 1903 in
Coventry, England. After attending Oxford University, he began his career as a
journalist. With Stephen Spender he founded "Horizon" (1939–49), a small
literary magazine that reflected Connolly's own iconoclastic and mordant
attitudes toward contemporary society. He also used his critical gifts as a
long-time book reviewer for "The New Statesman" and "London's Sunday Times".
Among his works are "Rock Pool" (1935), a satirical novel that ranks with the
best of Huxley and Waugh; "Enemies of Promise" (1938), an autobiography of ideas;
"The Unquiet Grave" (1944), a potpourri of critical commentaries, quotations,
and aphorisms; "The Condemned Playground" (1945) and "Previous Convictions"
(1964), both collections of literary essays; and "The Modern Movement: 100 Key
Books From England, France, and America, 1880–1950" (1965).
Connolly died on the 25th of November 1974 in London, England.