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Victor Hugo (1802-1885)

He was born in Besançon, on 26th February 1802.
In 1822 the first volume of Odes and Ballads is published (the second appears in 1826). In between these two works, the first two novels were published: Han of Iceland (1823) and Bug Jargal (1825). Hugo becomes the guiding light of a group of young writers called Le Cénacle.
The Preface to Cromwell (1827), in which he argues for the romantic rebirth of drama, soon becomes the Romantic manifesto. Marion Delorme, drama on a French courtisan, is banned by censorship. Hugo replies with Hernani: at the première, a harsh fight explodes, but in the end it is the romantic vision of the theatre of Hugo to prevail.
Between 1829 and 1843, he is very productive: The Hunchback of Notre-Dame(1831) and several poetry books, such as Les Orientales (1829), Autumn Leaves, (1831) Songs at Daybreak (1835), Inner Voices (1837) and Sunbeams and Shadows (1840).
In 1833 Hugo meets Juliette Drouet, who will remain his lover until her death. In 1843, Léopoldine, one of Hugo's daughters, drowns. This loss grieves him profoundly. A change intervenes: without abandoning literature, Hugo gets involved in politics.
In 1851 he organizes the resistence against the 2nd December coup d'état of the Prince Louis-Napoleon. Obliged to flee, he seeks refuge on the isle of Jersey, then on the neighbouring one of Guernesey, where he will remain for 15 years. While there he writes, among others, Contemplations (1856) and Les Miserables (1862). The defeat in the 1870 war against Germany and the subsequent fall of the Empire, enable Hugo to regain Paris and the political activity. His fame continues to grow until his death: 3 millions pepole are present at his funeral. He is buried in the Pantheon, together with Zola.
A critic defined him as 'the most powerful mind of the Romantic movement."

 - Victor Hugo homepage

나쁜 나무, 나쁜 사람이란 없다. 오직 나쁜 재배/양성자 만이 있을 뿐이다
만일 신이 여자를 창조하지 않았다면, 또한 꽃도 만들지 않았을 것이다
사랑의 자유는 생각의 자유만큼이나 신성한 것이다. 오늘날 간음이라고 불리는 것은 예전에 이단이라고 불리었다
사악한 사람들이 모든 것이 잘 돨 것이라고 생각하는 그 무분별이 참 재미가 있다
어떤 사람들은 자기를 선전하기 위해 즐거이 대가를 지불한다
인생 최고의 행복은 너 자신을 위해, 또는 좀더 정확히는 너 자신도 모르게 사랑을 받고 있다는 확신이다
인생은 중단된 문장이다
죽는 것은 아무렇지 않다; 살지 못한다는 것이 두려울 뿐이다.
체질적인 우울증은 슬퍼짐으로써 행복을 느낀다