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Mark Twain (1835 - 1910)

Mark Twain was born as Samuel L. Clemens in Florida, Missouri, in 1835, and grew up nearby the Mississippi River. His father died in 1847, leaving the family with little financial support, and Clemens became a printer's apprentice, eventually working for his brother, Orion, who had set himself up as a newspaper publisher. Through all his years in the printshop, Clemens tried his hand at composing humorous pieces. By 1856, he received a commission from the Keokuk Saturday Post for a series of comical letters reporting on his planned travels to South America. But on his way down the Mississippi, Clemens temporarily abandoned his literary ambitions to fulfill a dream he had since he was a boy. He apprenticed himself to become a riverboat pilot, and spent the next three years navigating the Mississipi River.
When the Civil War closed traffic on the river in the spring of 1861, Clemens returned to Orion again. In 1862 he was employed as a writer by the Virginia City Territorial Enterprise, signing for the first time his works "Mark Twain."
With "The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County," published in 1865 by The Saturday Press of New York his style made its first appearance. In 1867 Clemens reported on a grand tour of Europe and the Mideast in Innocents Abroad (1869) which later became his first best-seller.
On his return to the United States, he married Olivia Langdon, and established with her in Harford, Connecticut, where Clemens finally turned from journalism to literature. The element of self-conscious irony would become the hallmark of Clemens' best work, especially evident in the novels set in his boyhood world beside the Mississippi River, Tom Sawyer (1876) and his masterpiece, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1884).
Toward the end of his life, Clemens passed through a period of deep depression, due to his wife's and two of his daughter's death. He died at his home in Redding, Connecticut, in 1910.

건강을 유지하는 유일한 방법은 너가 싫어하는 것을 먹고 마시고, 그리고 너가 하고 싶지 않은 일을 하는 것이다--마크 트웨인
나는 결코 학교가 나의 교육에 간여하도록 하지 않았다
내가 좀더 젊었을 때 나는 그 일이 일어났던 아니던 간에, 모든 것을 기억할 수 있었다
너가 필요한 모든 것은 무지하면서 확신하는 것이다. 그려면 성공은 틀림없다
당신이 대다수의 편에 서 있다면, 그 때는 행동을 멈추고 다시 한번 생각해 봐야할 때이다
문명(화)은 불필요한 필요의 끝 없는 증식이다.
새로운 아이디어를 가진 사람은 그 아이디어가 성골할 때 까지는 기인 취급을 받는다
우리가 트러블에 빠지는 것은 우리의 무지 때문이 아니다. 그 것은 우리가 \'그렇지 않다\' 고 생각하는 확신 때문이다
인간은 아주 효과적인 하나의 무기를 갖고 있다. 그것은 곧 웃음이다.
진리는 우리가 가진 가장 값진 물건이다. 이를 효율적으로 이용하자.
타인의 습관을 개선하는 것 만치 절실한 것은 아무 것도 없다
환상을 버리지 말라: 환상이 사라지면, 너가 비록 존재할찌라도 너의 삶은 멈춘 것이나 다를 바 없다