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Roscoe Conkling (1829-1881)

Roscoe Conkling was born in Albany on 30th October, 1829. After studying law he was admitted to the bar and commenced practice in Utica. Originally a member of the Whig Party, Conkling joined the Republican Party and in 1858 was elected to the House of Representatives.
Conkling became a prominent member of the Radical Republicans. This group was in favour the abolition of slavery and believed that freed slaves should have complete equality with white citizens. Conkling also opposed the policies of President Andrew Johnson and argued in Congress that Southern plantations should be taken from their owners and divided among the former slaves. He also attacked Johnson when he attempted to veto the extension of the Freeman's Bureau, the Civil Rights Bill and the Reconstruction Acts.
Conkling believed that it was very important for senators to have personal control over all federal appointments within state boundaries. This resulted in him clashing with President Rutherford B. Hayes to introduce civil-service reform.
Roscoe Conkling practiced law in New York City until his death on 18th April, 1888.

amikor doktor Johnson a csirkefogók utolsó mentsváraként a patriotizmust jelölte meg, akkor figyelmen kívül hagyta a \'reform\' szóban rejlő óriási lehetőségeket