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Mark Twain (1835 - 1910)

Mark Twain was born as Samuel L. Clemens in Florida, Missouri, in 1835, and grew up nearby the Mississippi River. His father died in 1847, leaving the family with little financial support, and Clemens became a printer's apprentice, eventually working for his brother, Orion, who had set himself up as a newspaper publisher. Through all his years in the printshop, Clemens tried his hand at composing humorous pieces. By 1856, he received a commission from the Keokuk Saturday Post for a series of comical letters reporting on his planned travels to South America. But on his way down the Mississippi, Clemens temporarily abandoned his literary ambitions to fulfill a dream he had since he was a boy. He apprenticed himself to become a riverboat pilot, and spent the next three years navigating the Mississipi River.
When the Civil War closed traffic on the river in the spring of 1861, Clemens returned to Orion again. In 1862 he was employed as a writer by the Virginia City Territorial Enterprise, signing for the first time his works "Mark Twain."
With "The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County," published in 1865 by The Saturday Press of New York his style made its first appearance. In 1867 Clemens reported on a grand tour of Europe and the Mideast in Innocents Abroad (1869) which later became his first best-seller.
On his return to the United States, he married Olivia Langdon, and established with her in Harford, Connecticut, where Clemens finally turned from journalism to literature. The element of self-conscious irony would become the hallmark of Clemens' best work, especially evident in the novels set in his boyhood world beside the Mississippi River, Tom Sawyer (1876) and his masterpiece, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1884).
Toward the end of his life, Clemens passed through a period of deep depression, due to his wife's and two of his daughter's death. He died at his home in Redding, Connecticut, in 1910.

از توهمات جدا نگردید .هنگامي كه آنها می روند, شما ممکن است هنوز وجود داشته باشید , اما شما براين بنا گذاشته شده اید که زندگی کنید
آدمی که کتب مفید نمی خواند با شخصی که خواندن نمیداند هیچ فرقی ندارد
آدمی تنها حیوانی است که شرمنده میگردد – یا باید شرمنده گردد
آموزش متشکل از آن چیزهایی است که ما نیاموخته ایم
اگر شما حقيقت را بگوئيد ديگر احتياج نداريد که بجا بياوريد
تنها راه برای حفظ سلامت آن است که آنچه را که دوست ندارید بخورید , آنچه را که دوست ندارید بنوشید , و آنچه را که دوست ندارید انجام بدهید
جای كنجكاوی است كه شهامت جسماني در جهان بسیار رایج است و شهامت اخلاقي كمياب می باشد
حقيقت با ارزشترين چيزی است که ما داريم . بگذار آن را اقتصادی کنيم
دشمن و دوستان شما بايد با هم کار کنند تا بشما لطمه بزنند, يکی بشما دروغ بگويد و ديگری حقيقت را بگويد
زمانی که شما خود را ميان اکثريت پيدا کرديد , آن زمانی است که شما بايد توقف کرده و مورد توجه قرار بدهيد
زمانی که من جوانتر بودم من همه چیز را بیاد می آوردم , چه اتفاق بیفتند یا نیفتند
من هرگز اجازه نداده ام که مدرسه با تحصیل من مداخله کند
مهربانی زبانی است که آدم کر می تواند بشنود و آدم نابینا می تواند ببیند
نژاد آدمی واقعا يک صلاح کارآمد دارد و آن خنده است
هر احساسی ,اگر واقعی باشد ,غیر ارادی است
هیچ چیز بیشتر از تغییر اخلاق مردم به دگرگونی احتیاج ندارد