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Winston Churchill (1874 - 1965)

The Right Honourable Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill, the son of Lord Randolph Churchill and an American mother, was educated at Harrow and Sandhurst. After a brief but eventful career in the army, he became a Conservative Member of Parliament in 1900. He held many high posts in Liberal and Conservative governments during the first three decades of the century. At the outbreak of the Second World War, he was appointed First Lord of the Admiralty - a post which he had earlier held from 1911 to 1915. In May, 1940, he became Prime Minister and Minister of Defence and remained in office until 1945. He took over the premiership again in the Conservative victory of 1951 and resigned in 1955. However, he remained a Member of Parliament until the general election of 1964, when he did not seek re-election. Queen Elizabeth II conferred on Churchill the dignity of Knighthood and invested him with the insignia of the Order of the Garter in 1953. Among the other countless honours and decorations he received, special mention should be made of the honorary citizenship of the United States which President Kennedy conferred on him in 1963. Churchill's literary career began with campaign reports: The Story of the Malakand Field Force (1898) and The River War (1899), an account of the campaign in the Sudan and the Battle of Omdurman. In 1900, he published his only novel, Savrola, and, six years later, his first major work, the biography of his father, Lord Randolph Churchill. His other famous biography, the life of his great ancestor, the Duke of Marlborough, was published in four volumes between 1933 and 1938. Churchill's history of the First World War appeared in four volumes under the title of The World Crisis (1923-29); his memoirs of the Second World War ran to six volumes (1948-1953/54). After his retirement from office, Churchill wrote a History of the English-speaking Peoples (4 vols., 1956-58). His magnificent oratory survives in a dozen volumes of speeches, among them The Unrelenting Struggle (1942), The Dawn of Liberation (1945), and Victory (1946). Churchill, a gifted amateur painter, wrote Painting as a Pastime (1948). An autobiographical account of his youth, My Early Life, appeared in 1930.
From Nobel Lectures, Literature 1901-1967.
Winston Churchill died in 1965.

a politician needs the ability to foretell what is going to happen tomorrow, next week, next month, and next year. And to have the ability afterwards to explain why it didn\'t happen - Winston Churchill
a prisoner of war is a man who tries to kill you and fails, and then asks you not to kill him - Winston Churchill
courage is what it takes to stand up and speak; courage is also what it takes to sit down and listen - Winston Churchill
despots know how to solve every problem except the most serious: themselves - Winston Churchill
eating words has never given me indigestion - Winston Churchill
gas is a more merciful weapon than the high explosive shell, and compels an enemy to accept a decision with less loss of life than any other agency of war - Winston Churchill
he has all of the virtues I dislike and none of the vices I admire - Winston Churchill
history will be kind to me for I intend to write it - Winston Churchill
human beings can be grouped into three classes: those who are toiled to death, those who are bored to death, and those who are worried to death - Winston Churchill
I am in favor of deliberately spreading methodically prepared bacteria among people and animals, mildew ... to destroy the harvests, anthrax to destroy horses and livestock, and the plague, in order to kill not only entire armies, but also the inhabitants of large regions - Winston Churchill
I am strongly in favour of using poisoned gas against uncivilised tribes - Winston Churchill
I do not understand this squeamishness about the use of gas. I am strongly in favor of using poisoned gas against uncivilized tribes. The moral effect should be good … and it would spread a lively terror - Winston Churchill
I have taken more out of alcohol than alcohol has taken out of me - Winston Churchill
if you have ten thousand regulations you destroy all respect for the law - Winston Churchill
imagination consoles us for what we are not, humour for what we are - Winston Churchill
in wartime, truth is so precious that she should always be attended by a bodyguard of lies - Winston Churchill
Italians lose wars as if they were football matches, and football matches as if they were wars - Winston Churchill
personally I am always ready to learn, although I do not always like being taught - Winston Churchill
schools have not necessarily much to do with education... they are mainly institutions of control, where basic habits must be inculcated in the young. Education is quite different and has little place in school - Winston Churchill
the best argument against democracy is a five minute conversation with the average voter - Winston Churchill
the era of procrastination, of half-measures, of soothing and baffling expedients, of delays, is coming to its close. In its place we are entering a period of consequences - Winston Churchill
the only statistics you can trust are those you falsified yourself - Winston Churchill
there are a terrible lot of lies going around the world, and the worst of it is half of them are true - Winston Churchill
there is no finer investment for any community than putting milk into babies (Winston Churchill)
we make a living by what we get; we make a life by what we give - Winston Churchill
we must beware of needless innovations, especially when guided by logic - Winston Churchill