Man Ray (1890-1976)
Born Emmanuel Radnitzky, Man Ray grew up in America but spent the greater part
of his life as an migr in Paris. Working in several media, Man Ray's art
includes painting, sculpture, collage, constructed objects and photography.
Beginning in 1921, he received hundreds of commissions for portraits and
commercial work which were featured in publications such as Vogue, Vu, Bazaar
and Vanity Fair. He was an American, but worked in Paris from 1921 to 1940. His
assistants included Berenice Abbott and Lee Miller, and Duchamp, Stieglitz,
Picasso and Dali were among his colleagues. A member of the Dada art movement
and the only American member of the Paris Surrealist movement, Man Ray
considered himself an artist and thought of photography as a medium of artistic
expression when used for more than reproduction. In describing his work, Man Ray
once said, "I paint what can not be photographed. I photograph what I do not
wish to paint."